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Brazil at War


Published 1943


Praising Brazil for joining the Allies and declaring war against Germany, this film attempts to show Brazil's similarities to America.


Run time 9:39
Producer Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs
Sponsor Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs
Audio/Visual Sd, B&W

Shotlist

Applauding Brazil for joining the Allies and declaring war against Germany, this film works to show Brazil's similarities to America. Cutting back and forth between Leni Riefenstahl-esque images of soldiers and the Brazilian crew team (low angles, jagged mountains in the background, half-naked men), it also emphasizes the "cosmopolitan" and "modern" nature of Rio.


Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, World War II, soldiers, rowing team, Getulio Vargas
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Reviews

Reviewer: JPLopes - - July 7, 2006
Subject: The real role of Brazil in the WWII
FRANK D. McCANN, from University of New Hampshire, said in his work "Brazil and World War II: The Forgotten Ally. What did you do in the war, Ze Carioca?":
"Relations between the Brazilian troops and the Americans were sometimes tense. It was awkward for the Brazilians to be totally dependent on the American forces for training, clothing, arms, equipment, and food. The American stress on training, training, and more training, even of frontline personnel, bemused the Brazilians. It was a clash between two cultures, one that so believed in education that its army's terminology was drawn from the language of the school house, and the other that left most of its people unschooled. The outcome was a successful example of coalition warfare, which always requires determined effort and understanding to blend national styles into a winning combination. But the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB) went beyond the standard idea of coalition warfare because of its total integration into the American army. It was not a colonial unit, as were the British Indian ones, or a Commonwealth military, such as the Canadian, New Zealander, or South African, nor a Free "this or that," such as the Polish or French contingents. lt was a division from an army of an independent, sovereign state that voluntarily placed its men and women under United States command. The connection could not have been tighter and still have preserved the FEB's integrity of command and its Brazilian identity. It never lost either."
This is the true!
Reviewer: C. Brayton - - July 11, 2004
Subject: Brazil
A caveat to some of the remarks about Brazil's war record: Under the dictator Getulio Vargas, who initially favored Mussolini, Brazil did, in fact, send an expeditionary force to Europe that saw extensive action in the Italian campaign. The Brazilians took substantial casualties and won several important engagements as part of the U.S. 5th Army, including the capture of 15,000 German soldiers by a Brazilian armored brigade at Fornovo.

American air bases in the country during the war were the seedbed of Brazil's homegrown aerospace industry. After the war, a sector of Brazil's large Japanese population denied that Japan had been defeated in the war, and continued to do so for a decade. Much of the leadership of Brazil's military dictatorship (1964-1984) came from the ranks of its WWII Expeditionary Force, including its President Dutra.

Brazil had a significant German population before the war; the supermodel Gisele, it is said, is a perfect example of what you get when you feed German stock a Brazilian diet. However, a number of studies show that Argentina, not Brazil, was the main destination of former S.S. men and other war criminals, the film "Boys from Brazil" notwithstanding. Bigtime Nazis who ended up there generally entered after arriving in the region on Argentine passports issued in Barcelona in 1945. In 1997, the Brazilian government identified 17 bank accounts linked to Nazi war criminals who ended up there. It seized those accounts and paid them into a fund for Holocaust survivors.

That said, this film will probsbly be of more interest to Brazilians than to Americans.
Reviewer: Christine Hennig - - October 26, 2003
Subject: Well, the Rest of the World Was at War, I Guess They Felt They Had to Jump on the Bandwagon, Too...
This film was made right after Brazil joined the allies during World War II. It basically describes what a great ally Brazil was expected to be. What this boils down to is a military version of a travelogue. ItÃÂÃÂs somewhat ironic to watch today, considering Brazil didnÃÂÃÂt exactly end up being known for its military victories, and that it did later become known for harboring Nazis. Mostly, though, this is dull.
Ratings: Camp/Humor Value: *. Weirdness: *. Historical Interest: ***. Overall Ratings: **.
Reviewer: Spuzz - - February 11, 2003
Subject: Remember the Braziliians?
During World War II, Brazil took the side of the allies to, well, minimal effect. This film triumphs Brazil joining the War effort and goes into DETAIL what Brazil can offer, while some aspects are interesting, like the production line shots, this film goes on far too long.
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